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The shrinking of the Aral Sea -  "One of the planet's worst environmental disasters"
 
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The shrinking of the Aral Sea has been called "one of the planet's worst environmental disasters". The region's once prosperous fishing industry has been essentially destroyed, bringing unemployment and economic hardship. The Aral Sea region is also heavily polluted, with consequent serious public health problems. The retreat of the sea has reportedly also caused local climate change, with summers becoming hotter and drier, and winters colder and longer. Put together for the MSc in Environmental Technology.
Views: 345723 NV atCEPImperial
Aral Sea time lapse
 
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Aral Sea time lapse Aral Sea shrinking timelapse, 33 year evolution of the Aral sea dying out - satellite timelapse Don't click this link! https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCHoPoCsxxeMBDH_r5UfbqVQ?sub_confirmation=1 This timelapse shows the changes of the driying Aral sea in Russia If you have any suggestions to cover phenomena visible from space pls let me know. Aral Sea Basin, Aral Sea, Timelapse, Aral, Aralsea, Arallake, Lake, Aral Lake, Aral sea disaster, Aral sea 2018, The Aral Sea Crisis, shrinking, aral sea 2018, аральское море All the images are from Google Earth
Views: 16172 Satellite timelapse
Assignment Asia: Kazakhstan Aral Sea restoration
 
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The Aral Sea was the world’s fourth largest lake, but also the site of one of its worst man-made disasters. In the 1960s, a massive irrigation project diverted its water elsewhere, causing the lake to shrink and eventually dry up. But in recent years, thanks to large-scale restoration projects, its northern part has sprung back to life. Michal Bardavid visited the town of Aralsk, and found out that as water slowly fills the lake once again, hopes are seeping into the hearts of residents living in this thriving fishing community. Subscribe to us on YouTube: https://goo.gl/lP12gA Download our APP on Apple Store (iOS): https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cctvnews-app/id922456579?l=zh&ls=1&mt=8 Download our APP on Google Play (Android): https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.imib.cctv Follow us on: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ChinaGlobalTVNetwork/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/cgtn/?hl=zh-cn Twitter: https://twitter.com/CGTNOfficial Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/CGTNOfficial/ Tumblr: http://cctvnews.tumblr.com/ Weibo: http://weibo.com/cctvnewsbeijing
Views: 24856 CGTN
The Shrinking Aral Sea - Uzbekistan
 
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July 2001 For 50 years Soviet leaders diverted the rivers which feed the sea to irrigate cotton. And when it became clear that the land wasn't suited for the thirsty crop the planners simply increased the use of hazardous chemicals. "It is the world's largest man- made environmental disaster", says Ian Small for Medecins Sans Frontiers in Uzbekistan. The charity usually operates in war zones, but for the first time it has now set up a project devoted solely to an environmental catastrophe. The war here is against tuberculosis, kidney disease and cancers - plaguing the people of the region. Some are caused by toxins, some by the high levels of salt in the water. "Almost nothing grows and it's hard for people -- salt concentrates in their joints and they can't walk for a long time...", says Aigali Tankimalov who sailed the Aral Sea for 29 years. Now the wreck of the vessel he commanded in the navy sits opposite his front door -- and the nearest water is 100 kilometres away. The last of the 20 or so species of fish that lived in the Aral Sea died out in the 1980s, the victims of an environmental catastrophe. Yet despite the dramatic evidence of environmental destruction, Uzbekistan's new leaders continue to grow cotton and scientist fear the damage is irreparable. Produced by ABC Australia Distributed by Journeyman Pictures
Views: 64102 Journeyman Pictures
Aral Sea: The sea that dried up in 40 years - BBC News
 
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Subscribe to BBC News www.youtube.com/bbcnews The disappearance of the Aral Sea in Central Asia is one of the world's greatest man-made disasters. In Kazakhstan, with the help of the World Bank, more than $80million have been spent trying to save the most northern part of the sea but this has only benefited a few hundred people. In this film, we speak to people still living in deserted fishing ports, to see how their lives have changed, and to find out whether they believe that they'll ever see the sea again. Subscribe to BBC News HERE http://bit.ly/1rbfUog Check out our website: http://www.bbc.com/news Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/bbcworldnews Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/bbcworld Instagram: http://instagram.com/bbcnews
Views: 853008 BBC News
Full Documentary: "Aral. The lost sea" by Isabel Coixet | We Are Water Foundation
 
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The drying up of the Aral Sea is one of the greatest environmental disasters in history. Between 1954 and 1960, the government of the former Soviet Union ordered the construction of a 500 km-long canal that would take a third of the water from the Amu Darya River for an immense area of irrigated land in order to grow cotton in the region. The increasing need for water, due to bad transport management and a lack of foresight and efficiency in land irrigation, meant that more water had to be diverted from rivers flowing into the Aral Sea. As a result, in the eighties, the water reaching the port was as little as 10% of the amount in 1960, and the Aral Sea began to dry up. Consequently, the Aral Sea currently occupies half of its original surface area and its volume has decreased by a quarter, 95% of the nearby reservoirs and wetlands have become deserts and more than 50 lakes from deltas with a surface area of 60,000 hectares have dried up. In terms of climate, this process has eliminated the area’s environmental shock absorbing capacity, making winters and summers harsher, with a subsequent increase in severe droughts. The wind has displaced tons of the saline sand that was originally at the bottom of the dried-up area to a distance of up to 200 km, which has drastically exacerbated the situation. Added to this, fertilisers and pesticides were used indiscriminately, polluting the air and groundwater. The Soviet goal to have saline water at four times the limit recommended by the WHO reduced the groundwater level from 53 to 36 metres, which in turn caused serious problems with the supply of drinking water. The consequences for the health of the population have also been extremely serious. The region has the highest infant mortality rates in all of the former Soviet Union. Chronic bronchitis has increased by 3000% and arthritis by 6000%. In the Uzbek region of Karakalpakstan, anaemia is epidemic among women and 97% of them have haemoglobin levels lower than the 110 grams per litre of blood established by the WHO. Experts point out that this is caused by the consumption of stagnant water containing zinc and magnesium. In the same zone of Uzbekistan, liver cancer increased by 200% from 1981 to 1987, throat cancer by 25% and infant mortality by 20%. Also, cases of hepatitis, respiratory disease, eye-related illness and intestinal infection in the region are seven times higher than in 1960. All of this occurred in a relatively short period of time and the most shocking thing is that it happened with an almost total lack of international awareness. In 2003, satellite pictures from NASA demonstrated the full scale of the disaster and what many scientists had already announced. World opinion is now mobilising and we are beginning to find out the full extent of the current human disaster. In January 1994, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan signed an agreement pledging 1% of their budgets to contribute to the recovery of the sea; however, cooperation among these countries has been minimal. Currently, the northern zone of the Aral Sea is recovering slightly as a result of the construction of the Kokaral dam by the Kazak Government to retain water that would normally flow into Uzbek territorial waters. more information at www.wearewater.org
The Aral Sea has shrunk in size by 90% in recent decades
 
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(7 Apr 2019) LEADIN: Once the fourth largest lake in the world, the Aral Sea has seen itself shrink to a slither of it's original size. All it left in it's trail was dry arid land, which the Uzbek government are now trying to transform into fertile planting terrain in order to stop desertification. STORYLINE: Rusted ships in the desert near the town of Moynaq are silent reminders of the fate of the Aral Sea. Once an important seaport, today Moynaq (Munak) is the victim of a manmade ecological catastrophe that took place here. People left when the lake started to disappear, causing economic and health issues. Now the city is dozens of kilometres from the shoreline of the the Aral Sea and just several thousand residents remain. Desert covers 80 percent of the country and is spreading each year, due to chronic drought. Once the world's fourth-largest lake, the sea has shrunk by at least 90 percent since the rivers that feed it were largely diverted in a Soviet project to boost cotton production in the arid region. The shrunken sea has ruined the once-robust fishing economy and left fishing trawlers stranded in sandy wastelands, leaning over as if they dropped from the air. The sea's evaporation has left layers of highly salted sand, which winds can carry as far away as Scandinavia and Japan, and which plague local people with health troubles. A new initiative to counteract the effects of the harmful program is being supported by the Uzbek government. Dean of the faculty of environment at Karakalpak State University, Yakub Amedov, is hoping that with the help of his students he can help to  change the landscape of the land in Moynaq. "Our main aim is to improve the environmental situation in the Moynaq region. President Shavkat Mirziyoyev supports any initiative of the development of the region. Now students of Karakalpak University are helping to plant the trees. Today we're planting plum, grapes, apple, apricot, cherry. In the future, we plan to make an educational site for students." he says. According to NASA, at the beginning of the 1960s, the Aral Sea received 50 cubic kilometres of fresh water from snowmelt and rainfall. In 1980 that number fell to zero. Since 1985 the Aral Sea has shrunk to a quarter of its original size. One of the ways to stop the desertification is intensive planting, according to Vadim Sokolov, head of the agency for implementation of the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea. "One of the key ways to prevent the spreading of salt and chemicals that have accumulated from the Aral Sea is by tree planting and fixing the sand from the dried-up sea bed" Sokolov says. Sokolov notes that they have  managed to speed up the planting process hopefully setting the program at a faster pace. "More than 500,000 tonnes of seeds were collected in December (2018) and January (2019) and with the help of these seeds today, the middle of March, more than 500,000 hectares can be planted. In the past we were planting 5-10 thousand hectares, now in only three months we have planted 500,000 hectares. We plan to continue this work in the autumn and we plan to plant around a million hectares of the territory. Which is almost a third of the desert, which is on the dried up sea bed." Sokolov hopes to plant around a million hectares of the territory - that's one-third of the desert that once was a seabed. Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork Twitter: https://twitter.com/AP_Archive Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/APArchives Google+: https://plus.google.com/b/102011028589719587178/+APArchive​ Tumblr: https://aparchives.tumblr.com/​​ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/APNews/ You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/20b959deef6d6608bad1af41fc93f164
Views: 555 AP Archive
The Aral sea  causes
 
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Views: 17 Cinderella man
Aral Sea Reborn - earthrise
 
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Subscribe to our channel http://bit.ly/AJSubscribe Kazakhstan's Aral Sea was once the world's fourth largest lake, a rich haven for fish, birds and other wildlife. It was also home to bustling fishing ports such as Aralsk. But starting in the 1960s, massive agricultural expansion saw much of the water from the two rivers that feed the lake diverted into thousands of canals to irrigate crops. This caused the Aral Sea to shrink by 70% and split into two. At Al Jazeera English, we focus on people and events that affect people's lives. We bring topics to light that often go under-reported, listening to all sides of the story and giving a 'voice to the voiceless.' Reaching more than 270 million households in over 140 countries across the globe, our viewers trust Al Jazeera English to keep them informed, inspired, and entertained. Our impartial, fact-based reporting wins worldwide praise and respect. It is our unique brand of journalism that the world has come to rely on. We are reshaping global media and constantly working to strengthen our reputation as one of the world's most respected news and current affairs channels. Social Media links: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/aljazeera Instagram: https://instagram.com/aljazeera/?ref=... Twitter: https://twitter.com/ajenglish Website: http://www.aljazeera.com/ google+: https://plus.google.com/+aljazeera/posts
Views: 356775 Al Jazeera English
Dispatch: Geopolitics of the Aral Sea
 
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Analyst Peter Zeihan examines the causes and geopolitical implications of a dry Aral Sea. About Stratfor: Stratfor brings global events into valuable perspective, empowering businesses, governments and individuals to more confidently navigate their way through an increasingly complex international environment. For individual and enterprise subscriptions to Stratfor Worldview, our online publication, visit us at: https://worldview.stratfor.com/ And make sure to connect with Stratfor on social media: Twitter: https://twitter.com/stratfor Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/stratfor/ LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/stratfor YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/stratfor Learn more about Stratfor here: https://www.Stratfor.com Get the latest company news here: https://marcom.stratfor.com/horizons Or review and purchase our longform reports on geopolitics here: https://store.stratfor.com And listen to the Stratfor podcast for free here: iTunes - http://bit.ly/Stratfor_Podcast_iTunes Stitcher - http://www.stitcher.com/podcast/stratfor-talks Soundcloud - https://soundcloud.com/stratfortalks Libsyn - http://stratfor.libsyn.com/ Download the All New Mobile App for Stratfor. You can also access Stratfor Worldview Content in the App when you are offline. Free Download for iOS (from Apple App Store): http://bit.ly/Statfor_Mobile_App_for_Apple_Devices Free Download for Android (from Google Play Store): http://bit.ly/Stratfor_Mobile_App_for_Android_Devices To subscribe to Stratfor Worldview, click here: https://worldview.stratfor.com/subscribe Join Stratfor Worldview to cut through the noise and make sense of an increasingly complicated world. Membership to Stratfor Worldview includes: Unrestricted access to Stratfor Worldview's latest insights, podcasts, videos, and more. Members-only community forums. My Collections - your personal library of Stratfor insights saved for later reading. Discounts to our long-form reports on the Stratfor Store.
Views: 7136 Stratfor
Aral Sea - A man-made disaster
 
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भारत सरकार ने नदियों की इंटरलिंकिंग (आईएलआर) कार्यक्रम को मंजूरी दे दी है। हालांकि, इतिहास हमें सिखाता है कि प्राकृतिक प्रणालियों पर इस तरह के हस्तक्षेप का नतीजा लगभग हमेशा ही बुरा होता है| इस वीडियो में, 1960 के दशक में सोवियत सरकार द्वारा शुरू की गई एक योजना के बारे में मैने चर्चा की है| यह योजना अरल सागर की बर्बादी का कारण बनी| Government of India has approved the Interlinking of Rivers (ILR) Programme. However, history teaches us that such interventions on natural systems have, almost always, resulted in troubles. I discuss, in this video, about a similar scheme launched by the Soviet government in the 1960s which resulted in the drying up of the Aral Sea. Sources: http://wrmin.nic.in/forms/list.aspx?lid=1279 http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/WorldOfChange/aral_sea.php http://www.columbia.edu/~tmt2120/introduction.htm http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/10/141001-aral-sea-shrinking-drought-water-environment/ Credit: This video contains a GIF created from images gathered from NASA’s Earth Observatory website. The GIF is my work. Tools used in the making of this video: 1. Sparkol's Videoscribe - http://www.videoscribe.co/ 2. Pixabay - https://pixabay.com/ 3. Inkscape - https://inkscape.org/en/ 4. Pitivi - http://www.pitivi.org/ 5. Audacity - http://www.audacityteam.org/ 6. Quillpad - http://www.quillpad.in/index.html#.WLDRnSFNzmE
Views: 1924 Earnest Discourse
Aral Sea: Man-made environmental disaster - BBC News
 
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Subscribe to BBC News www.youtube.com/bbcnews It took just 40 years for the Aral Sea to dry up. Fishing ports suddenly found themselves in a desert. But in one small part of the sea, water is returning. Latest satellite pictures reveal that 90% of the Aral Sea has dried up, forming a new desert between Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan in Central Asia. It's a man-made environmental disaster. As part of the BBC's Richer World Season, Rustam Qobil visits the Aral Sea, a toxic desert sea bed, and talks to people who have lost their sea, health and loved ones. Subscribe to BBC News HERE http://bit.ly/1rbfUog Check out our website: http://www.bbc.com/news Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/bbcworldnews Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/bbcworld Instagram: http://instagram.com/bbcnews
Views: 172788 BBC News
Central Asia's second-largest lake under threat - 23 Aug 09
 
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It is Central Asia's second largest lake and home to more than three million people, but Kazakhstan's Lake Balkash is under threat. The desert-locked sea is shrinking due to over-irrigation, caused in part by industrial neighbours such as China. Many are concerned it could suffer the same fate as the Aral Sea, and eventually disappear. Al Jazeera's Robin Forestier-Walker travelled with a team of scientists to Lake Balkhash - to find out why history could be about to repeat itself.
Views: 6681 Al Jazeera English
Shrinking of Aral Sea in Hindi | Man Made Environmental Disaster
 
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Share your details on [email protected] to get heavy early bird discount on our video lectures course of 8 subjects .. To Get free Study Material on WhatsApp “Save” our Number as ‘Tapasvi IAS’ and Send us your Name and Details on 06353628568 Join our Telegram channel and turn on your notification for daily updates and monthly PDFs https://goo.gl/azzfr7 -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "SHUJAAT BUKHARI KASHMIR | SUGARCANE FARMERS | GST CESS | The Hindu Editorial Analysis in Hindi" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HYpMmFHdkSY -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 746 UPSC IAS Exam
How Does An Entire Sea Virtually Vanish? (2001)
 
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The Shrinking Aral Sea (2001) - Diversion of rivers to feed cotton plantations has led Uzbekistan's Aral Sea to all but disappear - with disastrous consequences for those living nearby. Subscribe to Journeyman here: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures For 50 years Soviet leaders diverted the rivers which feed the sea to irrigate cotton. And when it became clear that the land wasn't suited for the thirsty crop the planners simply increased the use of hazardous chemicals. "It is the world's largest man- made environmental disaster", says Ian Small for Medecins Sans Frontieres in Uzbekistan. The charity usually operates in war zones, but for the first time it has now set up a project devoted solely to an environmental catastrophe. The war here is against tuberculosis, kidney disease and cancers which plague the people of the region. Some are caused by toxins, some by the high levels of salt in the water. All could have been avoided. For more information, visit https://www.journeyman.tv/film/1036 Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpictures Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews https://twitter.com/JourneymanVOD Follow us on Instagram: https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures ABC Australia – Ref. 1036
Views: 5484 Journeyman Pictures
Aral Sea documentary
 
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The Aral Sea is an example environmental catastrophe caused by human actions. The lake has been steadily shrinking since the 1960s, and by 2007 it declined to only 10% of its original size. Read more on http://www.crisiswatch.net/environment/AralSea.html
Views: 13235 CwnEnvironment
Why We Destroyed the World's 4th Largest Lake
 
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Start learning intuitively with Brilliant for 20% off by being of the first 200 people to sign up at http://brilliant.org/RealLifeLore/ Get RealLifeLore T-shirts here: http://standard.tv/reallifelore Please Subscribe: http://bit.ly/2dB7VTO Animations courtesy of Josh Sherrington of Heliosphere and Jorrit van Ginkel: https://www.youtube.com/c/heliosphere Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/RealLifeLore/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/RealLifeLore1 Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/RealLifeLore/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/joseph_pise... Subreddit is moderated by Oliver Bourdouxhe Special thanks to my Patrons: Danny Clemens, Adam Kelly, Sarah Hughes, Greg Parham, Owen, Donna Videos explaining things. Mostly over topics like history, geography, economics and science. We believe that the world is a wonderfully fascinating place, and you can find wonder anywhere you look. That is what our videos attempt to convey. Currently, I try my best to release one video every week. Bear with me :)
Views: 1990847 RealLifeLore
Aral sea Dried up cause of Global Warming  सूख गया दुनिया का चौथा सबसे बडा सागर
 
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global warming this video is about how a 4th number largest sea dried in 50 years this is because global warming lots of tragedies are happening jus because of global warming Aral sea is direct example of it. When Soviet Union made a Project plan for the water of Aral sea they just diverted the rivers which watering to Aral Sea and then started the dried story of Aral Sea We have to understand about Global Warming. How much we are paying for the pollution?We have just to take action about it, Otherwise our Planet is not safe to live earlier. Since 2006, the Aral sea -- the formerly huge body of water between Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan -- has shrunk dramatically.  According to NationalGeographic.com, the eastern part has lost a whopping 80 percent of its water in the short time.  The Aral Sea, before and after (UH.edu) In addition, over the past three decades 60 percent of the water in the lake has disappeared, because farmers back in the 1960s changed the course of two rivers that were flowing into it in order to water crops.  First the sea split into two lakes: the Large Aral Sea and the Small Aral Sea. By 2000, the Large Aral Sea had split again into two bodies. The salt concentration in the water became much higher, and the local fishing industry could no longer survive.  Experts say the southernmost part of the lake could soon disappear forever. please check out my other videos- 1 zika virus https://youtu.be/Qq8weapgPDA 2 magical mooving land real https://youtu.be/LRj3VdzD4k4 3 best inspirational story for students https://youtu.be/9RftH11RYIM 4 aral sea dried up https://youtu.be/5fzXPNpKx74 5 get attension back of your child in study https://youtu.be/mJwbMdJRzWw
Views: 836 Ufy
the shrinking Aral Sea
 
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an animation of the shrinking of the aral-sea (uzbekistan & kazakhstan) in the period of 1960 till now, caused by irrigation for the cotton monoculture and rendering central asia an area of environmental disaster, health problems and political instability. Also see the documentary on youtube, Delta Blues: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0465vGRWhQE
Views: 88325 mirrormundo
The Aral Sea
 
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The video provides an overview of the Aral Sea disaster. Namely, background of the issue, the main causes of it's occurrence, environmental consequences it has led to, and how it has been addressed so far.
Views: 36 Sabina Ikhatova
How Did A Sea Disappear?
 
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The Aral Sea, once the world’s fourth largest lake, has almost disappeared in just 40 years. Situated between southern Kazakhstan and northern Uzbekistan, this salt lake was dealt a devastating blow in the mid 20th century when the soviet government controlled this region. In an effort to create farmland by irrigating the surrounding desert regions, the soviets diverted two vital rivers that fed into the Aral Sea, but diverting these rivers deprived the lake of crucial water sources. The area’s once-thriving fishing communities watched as their livelihood dried up. A few years into the 21st century, just 10% of the sea remained. Today entire generations have no recollection of its former glory but there is hope. In 2005 the World Bank funded the construction of new dams, in an effort to save the lake. Thanks to this work, a small section of the sea has returned, and fishermen are once again able to bring in catches - albeit much smaller quantities. Despite this progress, there’s still a long way to go to transform what is still largely a desolate ship graveyard. Subscribe to Getty Images TV on YouTube: http://gtty.im/2r0Jgyx Like @gettyimages on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/gettyimages Follow @gettyimages on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/gettyimages Follow @gettyimages on Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/gettyimages Check out more videos: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCh4CvlC9Su53xwWDJ5P6WqA
Views: 3958 Getty Images TV
Why is the Aral Sea shrinking
 
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How big does a body of water need to be to be called a SEA? Here I take a quick look at, Why is the Aral sea shrinking?-- All images used are public domain; licensed under Creative Commons with attribution; or used with permission. https://www.thoughtco.com/is-the-aral-sea-shrinking-1434959 http://sciencepolicy.colorado.edu/ogmius/archives/issue_19/aral_sea.html https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Syrdaryamap.png https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amudaryamap.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aral_Sea.gif http://dewantoedi.net/contoh-contoh-kerentanan/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:POTD/2016-05-24 Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/youtube/ -- Create animated videos and animated presentations for free. PowToon is a free tool that allows you to develop cool animated clips and animated presentations for your website, office meeting, sales pitch, nonprofit fundraiser, product launch, video resume, or anything else you could use an animated explainer video. PowToon's animation templates help you create animated presentations and animated explainer videos from scratch. Anyone can produce awesome animations quickly with PowToon, without the cost or hassle other professional animation services require.
Views: 357 mrgeocjhs
Uzbeks attend first electronic music fest by ravaged Aral Sea
 
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Festival-goers dance beside rusting boats beached miles from the shrinking Aral Sea at 'Stihia' or Element in Russian, is the first electronic music festival ever held in ex-Soviet Uzbekistan, which has recently moved to open up to international tourism. The music festival is staged in an area of desert caused by one of the world's largest man-made environmental catastrophes, the shrinking of the Aral Sea that borders Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, caused by Soviet irrigation projects that diverted its tributary rivers.
Views: 548 AFP news agency
Satellite photos show one of the world's largest lakes disappearing
 
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Satellite images from NASA show that over the last 14 years, one of the world's largest inland bodies of water, the Aral Sea in Central Asia, has almost completely dried up and disappeared.The Aral Sea -- once the fourth-largest lake in the world -- has been shrinking since the 1960s, when the Soviet Union began diverting its waters to irrigate surrounding areas and transform the deserts of Kazakhstan, Uzbekisan and Turkmenistan into crop land. The changes are dramatically documented in a series of images from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Terra satellite.By2000, when this sequence of satellite photos begins, a large portion of the sea had already been drained. Instead of a single large body of water, there were now two smaller ones: the Northern and Southern Aral Seas. The Southern Aral Sea shrunk further into two lobes connected by narrow channels at the top and bottom. In ensuing years, the lobes get smaller and smaller. A drought from 2005 to 2009 accelerated the changes, NASA says. Also in 2005, Kazakhstan completed a dam project aimed at shoring up water supplies in the Northern Aral Sea at the expense of the southern portion. The most recent photo, from August 2014, shows just a thin sliver of water remaining on its western edge.The loss of the once-great body of water has devastated the fishing communities that used to flourish along its banks. The sea's disappearance left behind dry, salty sand and dust, which have degraded nearby farmland and caused respiratory illness in local residents. According to NASA, the loss of the water's moderating influence has also led to more extreme temperatures in the region, making winters colder and summers hotter and drier.
Views: 4862 Foxy News
Sue Lloyd-Roberts - BBC Newsnight - Kazakhstan, return of the Aral Sea, 1999
 
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Kazakhstan: the return of the aral sea May 1999. Produced, directed & filmed by Ian O'Reilly. This material is BBC copyright, it has been uploaded to YouTube for the benefit of contributors and other interested parties.
Views: 310 Ian O'Reilly
Aral Sea - sandstorms and the fight against desertification | Tomorrow Today
 
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The Aral Sea was once the world's fourth largest lake. But for decades the rivers that feed it have been diverted for irrigation. As a result, the huge body of water between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan has steadily shrunk and is now only 10 percent of its original volume. What remains is a desert of sand, salt and toxic dust containing pesticides, fertilizers and industrial chemicals.Sandstorms carry the dust to surrounding regions, causing widespread desertification and health problems for the local population. Scientists are searching for ways to halt this environmental catastrophe.
Views: 2498 DW News
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT 06: Shrinking lake, central Asia
 
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HOW THE WORLD IS CHANGING 06: Shrinking lake, central Asia The Aral Sea was the fourth largest lake in the world until the 1960s, when the Soviet Union diverted water from the rivers that fed the lake so cotton and other crops could be grown in the arid plains of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. The black outline shows the approximate coastline of the lake in 1960. By the time of the 2000 image, the Northern Aral Sea had separated from the Southern Aral Sea, which itself had split into eastern and western lobes. A dam built in 2005 helped the northern sea recover much of its water level at the expense of the southern sea. Dry conditions in 2014 caused the southern sea’s eastern lobe to dry up completely for the first time in modern times. The loss of the moderating influence of such a large body of water has made the region’s winters colder and summers hotter and drier. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Source: http://climate.nasa.gov/state_of_flux#Aral_Sea_930x463.jpg Music: Stellardrone - Galaxies (CC BY) -------------------------------------------------------------------------
Views: 344 Acervo Digital
The Aral Sea Crisis
 
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-- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/youtube/ -- Create animated videos and animated presentations for free. PowToon is a free tool that allows you to develop cool animated clips and animated presentations for your website, office meeting, sales pitch, nonprofit fundraiser, product launch, video resume, or anything else you could use an animated explainer video. PowToon's animation templates help you create animated presentations and animated explainer videos from scratch. Anyone can produce awesome animations quickly with PowToon, without the cost or hassle other professional animation services require.
Views: 20 A. S
Shrinkage of Aral Sea: Climate Change Havoc
 
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This video is all about depletion of Aral Sea, located between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. I acknowledge Nasa Earth Observatory.
Why The Aral Sea Is Shrinking
 
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"Why The Aral Sea Is Shrinking Watch more videos for more knowledge Aral Sea: The sea that dried up in 40 years - BBC ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/5N-_69cWyKo Why is the Aral Sea shrinking - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/eMx6PTu5dcw The Shrinking Aral Sea - World's Worst ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/2Pktcqx3ki4 Why The Aral Sea Is Shrinking - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/Kg6D11VcqDY A Predictable Catastrophe - the history of the Aral ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/1Kt4_wNoVZ4 Disappearance of the Aral Sea - Newsnight - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/9rxxAtuLZZo The shrinking of the Aral Sea - ""One of the planet ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/dp_mlKJiwxg The Shrinking Aral Sea - Uzbekistan - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/iOfEqXI4G30 The Shrinking Aral Sea: Updated for 2015 - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/5h1hasGPxDY the shrinking Aral Sea - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/ukwAjEICM88 Shocking timelapse of the shrinking Aral Sea - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/Gt4HbRqeve8 The Shrinkage of The Aral Sea - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/7shCKlM2Dtw Once-massive Aral Sea Dries Up To Almost Nothing ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/8yjc_rEhCcE Aral Sea: Man-made environmental disaster - BBC ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/FzvEW1FHc60 Shrinking Aral Sea from 2000-2011 - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/kRG0Nj0RsNU World of Change: the Shrinking Aral Sea - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/UZwLTJroLpE The Shrinking Aral Sea Has Been Reduced To A ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/aSLfCNHTaoI Resurrecting the Aral Sea - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/EAUyddi_5j8 The Aral Sea story - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/Z0Pi61SyVSM Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan will restore the Aral ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/4-H7u1FDWUQ"
Views: 107 S AnswerZ
Aral sea  solutions
 
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Views: 27 Cinderella man
Aral Sea
 
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A2 Geography EDEXCEL **I'm fully aware I've made some pretty stupid spelling mistakes**--
Views: 118 Sasha Amber
Aral Sea
 
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Aral Sea news report produced by Oliver, Morgan and Aldo. Submitted as a geography homework project examining the causes and impact of the shinking Aral Sea.
Views: 521 kensingtongeography
The sand, the saxaul and the ghost sea
 
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When Bakhyt Kirbasov was young, tamarisk flowers would blossom by his home every summer, a cascade of electric pink among the grass that stretched as far as the eye could see. Four decades on, sand has bleached the landscape. Colour has vanished in this, the world's newest desert. Read more on: http://news.trust.org/item/20181207105559-v9by8 ABOUT THOMSON REUTERS FOUNDATION The Thomson Reuters Foundation acts to promote the highest standards in journalism and spread the practice of legal pro bono worldwide. The organisation runs free services that provide individuals and organisations with vital access to information and services around the globe: free legal assistance to NGOs and social enterprises, editorial coverage of the world’s under-reported news, media development and training, and Trust Conference (http://www.trustconference.com). Read our news: http://news.trust.org/ Learn more: http://www.trust.org/ Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/TR_Foundation or Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thomson.Reuters.Foundation/ We welcome all comments that contribute constructively to the debate. We have the right to remove any posting if, in our opinion, your post does not comply with the content standards set out in the Acceptable Use Policy on http://news.trust.org/.
The Aral Sea
 
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Man-made ecological disaster has been causing the Aral Sea to shrink since the 1970s. - created at http://animoto.com
Views: 76 Jaime Ford
White Gold - The True Cost Of Cotton
 
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Fashion Victims? Up to one third of Uzbekistan's workforce is made to labour on cotton farms; denied ownership of the land they work, and forced to labour without reasonable wages they are unable to opt out of cotton cultivation -- those who try are subject to violence, imprisonment and intimidation. Tens of thousands of children are forced to pick the cotton harvest each year. Crucially, the suffering caused by this industry comes at the hands of the government. It is the Uzbek state, not the country's mafia that instigates the abuses connected to the production and sale of cotton turning its people in to a slave nation. For more information please visit www.ejfoundation.org The Environmental Justice Foundation is leading an international campaign to end human rights and environmental abuses in cotton production, and to promote organic and fairly traded cotton. In Uzbekistan, tens of thousands of children, some as young as seven, are taken out of school and forced to work in the cotton fields for little or no money during the harvest. The period can last up to three months, during which older children live in dormitories or classrooms under harsh conditions. The combined effect of exhausting work, a poor diet, lack of clean water and exposure to toxic pesticides has a dramatic impact on health. The cotton industry has also caused an ecological disaster. The Aral Sea, once the world's fourth largest inland lake, providing the region with fish and water, has shrunk to 15% of its original size. The salinity of water and soil has increased, and as desperate farmers apply more water to their fields, they exacerbate the problem. This leads to infertile soil and areas of salty desert contaminated with pesticide residues.
Lake Became Desert Within Thirty Years..
 
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The Aral Sea is situated in Central Asia, between the Southern part of Kazakhstan and Northern Uzbekistan. Up until the third quarter of the 20th century it was the world?s fourth largest saline lake, and contained 10grams of salt per liter. The two rivers that feed it are the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers, respectively reaching the Sea through the South and the North. The Soviet government decided in the 1960s to divert those rivers so that they could irrigate the desert region surrounding the Sea in order to favor agriculture rather than supply the Aral Sea basin. The reason why we decided to explore the implications up to today of this human alteration of the environment is precisely that certain characteristics of the region, from its geography to its population growth, account for dramatic consequences since the canals have been dug. Those consequences range from unexpected climate feedbacks to public health issues, affecting the lives of millions of people in and out of the region. By establishing a program to promote agriculture and especially that of cotton, Soviet government led by Khrouchtchev in the 1950s deliberately deprived the Aral Sea of its two main sources of water income, which almost immediately led to less water arriving to the sea. Not only was all this water being diverted into canals at the expense of the Aral Sea supply, but the majority of it was being soaked up by the desert and blatantly wasted (between 25% and 75% of it, depending on the time period). The water level in the Aral Sea started drastically decreasing from the 1960s onward. In normal conditions, the Aral Sea gets approximately one fifth of its water supply through rainfall, while the rest is delivered to it by the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers. Evaporation causes the water level to decrease by the same amount that flows into the Sea, making it sustainable as long as inflow is equal to evaporation on average. Therefore the diversion of rivers is at the origin of the imbalance that caused the sea to slowly desiccate over the last 4 decades. Level of salinity rose from approximately 10g/l to often more than 100g/l in the remaining Southern Aral. Salinity of the rivers varies with place and time, as well as through the seasons. When going through the desert, rivers often collect some salt compounds residues in the ground that result in higher salinity, but may well be lowered again after going through irrigated lands. Dams also affect salinity, notably by reducing its variability with the seasons. Smaller lakes within the Aral Sea that have stopped being fed by river flows tend to have higher salinity due to evaporation, causing some or all fishes that either survived or had been reintroduced in the 1990s to die. Even re-watering those lakes does not compensate for the increased salinity over the years. In 1998, water level was down by 20m, with a total volume of 210km3 compared to 1,060km3 in 1960. Most of the changes in climate and landscape in the Aral Sea basin that we are about to explore are at the least indirect products of Human induced changes. While we must remember at all times that society is responsible for the crisis that has unfolded in and around the Aral, the point we want to make is that most of the actual changes that have afflicted the Sea since the 1960s are the result of our environment’s reaction to the stresses society has imposed on it. Thus, the difficulty lies as much in understanding the way climate and other natural systems function as in being capable of weighing the potential consequences of our actions before we undertake them. Risk assessment combined with scientific understanding should undercut our actions more efficiently; adding an ethical dimension to the equation remains more than welcome in addition to those more accessible and quantifiable factors, but is too fragile to be the centerpiece on which our decisions rely before we commit to large scale actions which can often, as we are about to see, engender even larger responses from our environment. -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "The Parents Must Be Watch This Video (Tamil)" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3F7VA8cU43A -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 116 Madukkur Mohamed
Aral Sea News Report 2010
 
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This is a funny and informative news report about the severe problems caused by the aral sea. watch more to find out. Warning! contains violence!
Views: 239 bestatscience
Uzbekistan: A 3-Day Aral Sea Tour
 
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#Uzbekistan: A 3-Day #Aral Sea Tour 🐸. Full blog post on our Aral Sea Tour here: https://www.zewanderingfrogs.com/aral-sea/off-the-beaten-path-uzbekistan-a-3-day-aral-sea-tour During our three days trip across the #AralSea region, we saw the impact of the shrinking Aral Sea, abandoned Russian settlements, ancient #SilkRoad caravanserai, Moynaq ship cemetery, and more. We learned so much about the history of the old Khorezm empire and the new modern #Karakalpakstan, thanks to our partner during this tour: Advantour, a Tour Operator Specialist for Uzbekistan and Central Asia travels. LIKE THIS VIDEO ## Would love a Like and a Comment if you enjoyed our video READ OUR BLOG POST ## 🇺🇸 https://www.zewanderingfrogs.com/aral-sea/off-the-beaten-path-uzbekistan-a-3-day-aral-sea-tour 🇫🇷 https://www.zewanderingfrogs.com/mer-aral/circuit-ouzbekistan-3-jours-mer-aral SUBSCRIBE TO OUR CHANNEL ## 🐸. https://goo.gl/tQbjMP FOLLOW OUR ADVENTURES ## 🐸. OUR BLOG: http://www.zewanderingfrogs.com/ 🐸. OUR WORLD TRIP: https://www.zewanderingfrogs.com/world-trip/ze-wandering-frogs-to-travel-around-the-world 🐸. INSTAGRAM: https://instagram.com/zewanderingfrogs/ 🐸. FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/ZeWanderingFrogs 🐸. TWITTER: https://twitter.com/ZWanderingFrogs 🐸. PINTEREST: http://www.pinterest.com/ZWanderingFrogs 🐸. FRENCH: https://www.zewanderingfrogs.com/fr/ #adventuretravel #itinerary #roadtrips #scenic #culture #history #sponsored #partnership #roadtrip #itineraries ## Aral Sea Tour Partner: Advantour, Uzbekistan and Central Asia www.Advantour.com https://www.youtube.com/user/advantourcom ## Music Credits: Traditional Bukhara Music By Safo Toshev Payraviy Guesthouse, Bukhara, Uzbekistan
Views: 472 Ze Wandering Frogs
The Aral Sea Disaster.
 
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The Aral Sea is one of the World's worst man-made disasters to ever happen. But if we all try our best to help, we can fix all of the damage we have caused. The clock is ticking. and the time is almost up. The Increasingly salty water has plenty of fertilizers and pesticides in it, making the water unsafe to drink and the crusted salt from the dried parts of the lake is blowing into the fields, degenerating the soil. Now that most parts of the lake is dried up, people call it the Aral desert, due to the abandoned boats and the cracking, salt crusted ground. The Aral Sea is Surrounded by the mainlands, far away from the oceans and seas. The Aral Sea is a very valuable resource to the people because the Sea was in the mainlands. It was and still is very far away from any other seas and main bodies of water. So, it was the only source of water around in that region. So, if the people of Uzbekistan took away all of their only water source, It would be harder to find drinking water and bathing water and there wouldn’t be any more fish in the lake, since there wouldn’t be a lake at all. If this ecosystem disappeared, there would be a huge problem for all biotic factors and It wouldn’t benefit anyone in this situation. If we reduce the water taken out of the lake and leave it alone... The Sea will Eventually come back slowly, Fish will slowly come back Jobs on the water will be restored. Will take a very long time Agriculture will be paused and all food will be lost and everyone and everything will die Solution #3 It will take a long time to do but if we can find a faster way to restore water that would be better before we take the longer way. If we build a dam... A quicker way to get water back and is already working Prevents floods and large amounts of water from coming in Very Expensive Can stop wildlife from getting from one place to another Solution #2 It is a bit more on the expensive side but, it won’t take as long as just leaving it alone, and it will have faster results. But before we use all of this money, we should find a more cheaper and more efficient way. If Farmers would stop wasting so much water and we tax the water that everyone is using... Can raise money for further solutions Farmers might stop farming if expensive get too high People might Protest This is the most logical solution out of all. If we charge people for the water they are using, they will stop wasting so much and it will help the government raise money for other solutions they didn’t have enough money to do before. First, we should build a dam (which we have already have done in 2005), improve irrigation, find other natural pesticides and fertilizers that don’t harm the water and what’s in it, eventually get a majority of the water back, and then desalinate the water that has been contaminated by the fertilizers and pesticides that was there from earlier years. My plan is to add a price to the water the people are using so we are not using as much water as we were before, since people wouldn’t be wasting what they paid for, and the government would be raising money for other projects like desalination and improving irrigation. So, it would be a good solution since it can raise awareness of what is happening and is raising money to fix the problem. My plan is the most effective because it is not as complicated and expensive as building another dam or improving irrigation. Both of those solutions do work, but they both are very expensive to put together and they both require a lot of time to be investing too. So, it would be more logical to add a price to the water to raise funds for bigger projects and raise awareness around Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. Made with http://biteable.com
Views: 32 Romeo Norris
Aral Sea Hazard Assessment Video
 
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A group video outlining the causes of the geomorphological problems in the Aral sea basin
Views: 66 LMCG67
What are the priorities of  the UN and the Government of Uzbekistan's Trust Fund?
 
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The Aral Sea’s drying up has caused a whole range of problems in the region region. Its implication has global consequences such as climate change, shortage of drinking water, increase in morbidity rates, decrease in employment and incomes of the population, and degradation of the flora and fauna gene pool.
Views: 205 UNDP Uzbekistan
ARAL SEA
 
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An animation of the Aral sea showing the decline in water levels since 1957
Views: 495 BvN Nuhaven
Иссушение Аральского моря/Draining the Aral Sea
 
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В данном видео ряде представлено иссушение Аральского моря на Территории Казахстана. This video shows the draining of the Aral Sea in the Territory of Kazakhstan.
Views: 210 Murat Temirgaliev
"Liquida - (History of the Aral Sea)"  Michele Moi
 
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"Liquida - (History of Aral Sea)", is an ambient music soundtrack composed, played, produced and arranged by Michele Moi, in April, 2013. Mastered by Matteo Petti at ITBS Studio (Rome), in April 2013 Discover many more at: http://www.michelemoi.com http://www.michelemoi.bandcamp.com http://www.soundcloud.com/michele-moi For licensing this track, contact us at [email protected] +39 3208134483 "Liquida - (History of the Aral Sea)" is a track of ambient music inspired by the story of the Aral Sea**. This track, originally written for the show "Acqua Invisibile (Invisible Water)", directed by Carlo Presotto and produced by the company "Piccionaia - I Carrara", won the contest "Storie d'Acqua (Stories about water)" - Vigevano (2013).this track wins the competition "Storie d'Acqua (History about Water)", in Vigevano, 2013. **The Aral Sea embodies one of the most glaring failures of environmental policy in the world. Located between Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, from (1968), has seen a decrease in its consistency of 80% (1998), causing a disaster from the social, economic and environmental huge on the whole area. credits : released 16 April 2013 "Liquida" is composed, played and arranged by Michele Moi. Mastered on April, 2013, by Matteo Petti at Itbs Studio (Rome, Italy) 2013 - All Right Reserved
Views: 377 Michele Moi
"Consumptionwork Work: Tammy, Cybertariat, At The Aral Sea"
 
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Over its past four recordings, The Size Queens have been quietly amassing a committed following of listeners in literary and arts circles while remaining under the radar to most of the music press. Their works have been extolled by author Mary Gaitskill (Veronica), who, in the introduction to their album III, wrote, "The Size Queens are double-sized or rather double-sided, I mean to say that they have double vision and double hearts. They are playful and serious, sparkling and sludgy, cruel, kind, capacious, intensely private and alone." Author, Rick Moody (The Ice Storm) and poet Michael Snedicker wrote a lengthy review of the band's record Magic Dollar Shoppe for The Rumpus website, and the band's videos have premiered on major literary sites, including Electric Literature and Ninth Letter. The band's fifth record, "Consumption Work: Tammy, Cybertariat, At The Aral Sea" will be released as a single, 48-minute song cycle and accompanying video. Hailing from San Francisco, the band is comprised of leading lights of the Bay Area music scene, including Carlos Forster, whose last record Family Trees was produced by M. Ward; Hannah Marcus (known for her solo records Black Hole Heaven, Desert Farmers as well as her work with The Wingdale Community Singers), John Murry, whose recent record The Graceless Age was hailed by Uncut as one of the best records of 2012, as well as former members of American Music Club Danny Pearson and Tim Mooney. After Tim Mooney's sudden death in June 2012, songwriters Adam Klein and Michael Mullen (Pocket Shelley) took their work to Wally Sound (Beulah, Moore Bros) and recorded this song cycle, bringing in other members of the rotating lineup, including bassist Mike Carnahan (The Green Door). This record is dedicated to Tim who was The Size Queens' primary collaborator—playing and producing--for the first four of their records. "Consumption Work: Tammy, Cybertariat, At The Aral Sea" was informed by feminist economist Ursula Huws (The Making Of A Cybertariat: Virtual Work In A Real World), and her theories about the blurred line between consumer and laborer, workplace and domestic space. Using the 1957 hit, "Tammy's In Love" as a way of skewering the idea of America's age of innocence, the record depicts an ontologically unstable Tammy, able to exist in different points in time and space, moving through a world drained of its oceans, where mini-marts run themselves and the garden and the afterlife are continually regenerated, and access to God requires walking a mountain of melted Crocs. Absurd and touching, terrible and grand, The Size Queens sound at times like Bongwater, at other times like a deranged Folkways record. They paint a portrait of an unfolding apocalypse that dares its listeners to laugh in horror. In a period of disillusion, The Size Queens focus on the instinct to stand behind some kind of cause, despite the inevitability of failure. This video includes an edited version of Marios Lefteriotis’ 1970 film "Requiem for Humanity." To see more of his work, and this film in its entirety, please visit: http://marios-videos.blogspot.com/ The Size Queens derived its name from the early Bush/Cheney years, ruminating on crass American exceptionalism, the promise of "immeasurable" satisfactions through shopping and the mindless boast of phallic leadership and military might. "Consumption Work" continues to paint a portrait of an unsettled globe, unsustainable, environmentally wrecked, economically and triumphantly returning to migrants and dust bowls. Perhaps only working out its ultimate destiny, one entirely removed of the basic requirements for life, yet filled with mass produced goods, self-service pavilions, and the terrible narcissistic need to be heard.
Views: 473 The Size Queens
अरल सागर। aral sea
 
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This is the video about Aral sea. Watch the full video to get more information. Your queries : अरल सागर in hindi अरल सागर झील अरल सागर कहाँ है अरल सागर aral sagar in hindi aral sagar aral sea aral sea documentary aral sea in hindi aral sea 2018 aral sea documentary in hindi aral sea restoration aral sea disaster aral sea shrinking aral sea bbc aral sea before and after #marineworld
Views: 496 Marine World
NEW BOOK: Stalin's Legacy - The Soviet War on Nature
 
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As undisputed leader of the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin was directly responsible for the deaths of up to 60 million of his fellow citizens, a truly horrific figure which confirms him as one of the most notorious mass murderers in history. But Stalin not only waged war against his own people he and his successors regarded nature as an enemy that could be overcome by the might of Soviet technology and the brute force of slave labour. The building of vast networks of canals and the diversion of major rivers has created untold environmental damage, whilst Soviet nuclear and biological weapons programmes contaminated vast areas and caused unimaginable agony for human and animal life. In this book Struan Stevenson travels to the former Soviet republics of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgystan and Tajikistan. From the Semipalatinsk region of east Kazakhstan, where over 600 nuclear tests were carried out between 1949 and 1990, to the Aral Sea, the desiccation of which has reduced what was the world's fourth largest inland body of water to half the size it was just 50 years ago, he presents a grim catalogue of environmental catastrophe. As well as talking with those whose lives continue to be cruelly affected by this terrible legacy, he also meets those who are trying to deal with its wider consequences as it threatens to impact far beyond the steppes of Central Asia. Despite almost insurmountable challenges, however, there ultimately is a strong message of hope as both local and international organizations face up to the effects of disastrous and inhuman Soviet policies.
Views: 298 StruanStevenson
Ships Graveyard in the Desert of Moynaq, Uzbekistan
 
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Ships Graveyard in the Desert of Moynaq, Uzbekistan Moynaq ship Graveyard — Mo‘ynoq also spelled as Muynak and Moynaq, is a city in northern Karakalpakstan in western Uzbekistan. Formerly a sea port, now home to only a few thousand residents at most, Mo‘ynoq's population has been declining precipitously since the 1980s due to the recession of the Aral Sea. 30 years ago Moynaq was one of two biggest Soviet fishing harbours at the Aral Sea. The Aral Sea has been steadily decreasing since the 1960s, as the waters of the two rivers feeding it, the Amu Darya and Syr Darya, were aimed at irrigating agricultural areas. Formerly one of the four largest lakes in the world with an area of 68,000 km2 or 26,300 sq mi, the Aral Sea has been steadily shrinking since in 1960s after the rivers that fed it were diverted by Soviet irrigation projects. In 2007, it had declined to 10% of its original size, splitting into four lakes – the North Aral Sea, the eastern and western basins of the once far larger South Aral Sea, and one smaller lake between the North and South Aral Seas.However, in 2009, the southeastern lake had disappeared and the southwestern lake had retreated to a thin strip at the extreme west of the former southern sea. The maximum depth of the North Aral Sea is 42 meter or 138 ft in 2008. The shrinking of the Aral Sea has been called "one of the planet's worst environmental disasters". The region's once-prosperous fishing industry has been essentially destroyed, bringing unemployment and economic hardship. The Aral Sea region is also heavily polluted, with consequent serious public health problems. The retreat of the sea has reportedly also caused local climate change, with summers becoming hotter and drier, and winters colder and longer. In an ongoing effort in Kazakhstan to save and replenish the North Aral Sea, a dam project was completed in 2005; in 2008, the water level in this lake had risen by 12 m or 39 ft compared to 2003. Salinity has dropped, and fish are again found in sufficient numbers for some fishing to be viable. The Aral Sea watershed encompasses Uzbekistan and parts of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. Today Mo‘ynoq's major "tourist attractions" are the armada of rusting hulks that once made up the proud fishing fleet during the Soviet era, and a one-room museum devoted to Mo‘ynoq's heritage as a center of the fishing industry. Poisonous dust storms kicked up by strong winds across the dried and polluted seabed give rise to a multitude of chronic and acute illnesses among the few residents who have chosen to remain, most of them ethnic Karakalpaks, and weather unmoderated by the sea now buffets the town with hotter-than-normal summers and colder-than-normal winters. Like us and Join us at Xtreme Collections for more fun and knowledge.
Views: 512 XtremeCollectionS

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